What causes occupational contact dermatitis?
Occupational contact dermatitis (OCD) is a skin condition caused by work-related exposures. It occurs in workers who are exposed to irritating or allergenic substances or specific physical factors in the workplace.
What can cause occupational dermatitis on site?
things which might cause occupational dermatitis include cleaning products, organic solvents, metalworking fluids, cement, adhesives, other chemicals, and even certain plants. Substances causing occupational dermatitis are divided into two groups known as irritants and sensitisers.
What are the signs of occupational dermatitis?
Occupational contact dermatitis is a local inflammation of the skin. Symptoms of inflammation include itching, pain, redness, swelling, and the formation of small blisters or wheals (itchy, red circles with a white centre) on the skin.
What jobs cause dermatitis?
Jobs that are frequently associated with dermatitis include hairdressing, nursing, catering and engineering. But any job that involves frequent hand washing, having wet hands either frequently or for long periods, or in direct contact with certain products or chemicals can cause dermatitis.
How do you prevent occupational dermatitis?
Personal protective equipment, such as appropriate gloves, clothing, and face shields should be worn to prevent direct contact between the substance and the skin. Good personal hygiene practices will help reduce onset of dermatitis by washing the chemical or substance off the skin as soon as possible.
What is occupational irritant contact dermatitis?
Occupational irritant contact dermatitis is an inflammation caused by substances found in the workplace that come in direct contact with the skin. Signs of irritant contact dermatitis include redness of the skin, blisters, scales or crusts. These symptoms do not necessarily occur at the same time or in all cases.
What illness causes dermatitis?
Dermatitis is a general term for conditions that cause inflammation of the skin. Examples include atopic dermatitis (eczema), contact dermatitis and seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff). These conditions cause red rashes, dry skin and itchiness among other symptoms.
Which one of the following is most likely to cause occupational dermatitis?
Common irritants are wet work, cutting oils, solvents and degreasing agents which remove the skins outer oily barrier layer and allow easy penetration of hazardous substances, alkalis and acids (see Table 1). Wet cement coming into contact with exposed feet and hands is a particular example of a skin irritant.
How does dermatitis develop?
Contact dermatitis is caused by a substance you’re exposed to that irritates your skin or triggers an allergic reaction. The substance could be one of thousands of known allergens and irritants. Some of these substances may cause both irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis.